Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is a group of autoimmune conditions that affect approximately 1-2 children in every 1000.

Signs and symptoms

The most common signs and symptoms of JIA are joint inflammation with swelling, redness and limited movement with or without pain of the affected joint/s. Inflammation can affect both small and large joints.

Treatment options

The overall aim of treatment is to reduce inflammation. This may require intervention from a range of specialists including a paediatric rheumatologist, physiotherapist, orthopaedic surgeon, and general practitioner.